The cost of higher education can be reduced by taking advantage of the many tax credits and deductions available to students and their families. College students and their families can benefit from the following tax benefits.
- Each qualified student can receive up to $2,500 yearly, for $20,000 over four years, under the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC). A student must be registered in an accredited postsecondary institution at least half-time to pursue a degree or certificate to be eligible. The credit is proportional to the dollar amount of qualified tuition and fees paid throughout the calendar year.
- If you or your parents are footing the bill for higher education, you may be eligible for the Lifelong Learning Credit (LLC). You can benefit from this credit for as many years as you choose, up to a maximum of $2,000. In contrast to the AOTC, full-time enrollment in an accredited degree or certificate program is unnecessary.
- Taxpayers can reduce their taxable income by as much as $4,000 per student per year using the Tuition & Fees Deduction. Both students and their parents can claim this deduction, and there is no time restriction on how often it may be done.
- Deducting up to $2,500 of interest payments made on qualifying student loans from your taxable income is possible. Interest on student loans taken out by the taxpayer, spouse, or qualifying dependents is required.
- The profits on a 529 college savings plan are not taxable if the funds are utilized for approved school costs, but contributions are not tax deductible. Many states ‘ contributions to a 529 plan qualify for state tax Benefits deductions or credits.
It’s recommended that you talk to a tax expert or check the IRS website for more information about the qualifications and restrictions of these tax advantages.
What Are College Tax Credits?
Federal and state governments both provide tax Benefits credits for college to assist in defraying the financial burden of paying for school. American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) and Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC) are the two most common forms of federal financial aid for higher education in the United States (LLC).
Students who have yet to finish four years of college and are enrolled at least half-time in a degree program are eligible to apply for the AOTC. As much as $1,000 of this credit is refundable (meaning it may be claimed even if the person owes no taxes), making this a potentially lucrative benefit for families with many qualifying children.
To participate in the LLC, you must be a whole- or part-time student enrolled in a university or college-level courses or working towards a professional degree. This credit, which is not refundable, may be used yearly up to a maximum of $2,000.
Both of these credits require the student to be enrolled in a qualifying school and have a low enough household income to qualify. The credits may only be used for “approved” educational costs, including tuition, fees, and textbooks. Please note that those reported as dependents on someone else’s tax return are not eligible for these tax benefits.
American Opportunity Tax Credit
The American Opportunity Tax Credit, sometimes known as the AOTC, is a tax credit that qualifying students may use to help cover some of the costs associated with obtaining a higher education. The initial funding came from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, and the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021 extended it through 2025.
The American Opportunity Tax Credit is a tax benefits credit of up to $2,500 per year, per qualified student, for up to four years of higher education. The credit is recoverable in whole or in part up to $1,000, which means it may be claimed even if the individual owes no taxes.
A student must be enrolled at least 50 percent for at least one academic period every year and pursue a degree or certificate at an accredited school to be eligible for the AOTC. The student cannot have used the AOTC or the prior Hope Scholarship Credit for more than four tax years and cannot have attended college for more than four years.
Moreover, credit availability is subject to income thresholds. For 2022, taxpayers with a MAGI of $80,000 fewer ($160,000 or less for couple taxpayers filing jointly) are eligible for the full credit, while those with a MAGI of $80,000 to $90,000 ($160,000 to $180,000 for married taxpayers filing jointly) are eligible for a reduced credit.
Tuition, fees, and instructional materials (including textbooks, supplies, and equipment) are considered acceptable expenditures for the AOTC. The credit cannot be used for meals and lodging. Form 8863 is used to claim the credit on one’s federal income tax return.
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What Are Tax Deductions for College Students?
College students may reduce their taxable income by taking advantage of tax breaks. Most often claimed tax benefits include:
- The total tuition and fees paid by a student, their spouse, and any dependents are tax deductible, up to $4,000.
- To help pay for tuition, fees, and textbooks, the American Opportunity Tax Credit grants a tax credit of up to $2,500 annually. It covers the first four years of university.
- Tax benefits credits of up to $2,000 per year are available via the Lifetime Learning Credit for qualified higher education costs such as tuition, fees, and textbooks. It may be used for any post-high-school endeavor, from undergraduate to post-doctoral studies.
- To the extent that a student borrows money, the interest paid on that money is tax deductible up to $2500.
Students who satisfy the criteria and file their taxes properly may benefit from these deductions. Make sure you claim every deduction and credit you are eligible for by working with a tax benefits expert or using tax preparation software.
Student Loan Interest Deduction
Individuals may deduct up to $2,500 in interest payments from their taxable income thanks to the student loan interest deduction. Everyone who has taken out a student loan to pay for their education, whether they are still in school or not, is eligible for this deduction.
The following conditions must be met to be eligible for the student loan interest deduction:
- Interest on an eligible student loan must have been paid during the tax benefits year.
- You must be the borrower or a co-borrower with a legal obligation to pay the interest.
- No “married filing separately” returns will be accepted.
- It would be best to have a MAGI less than the IRS threshold.
Taxpayers with modified adjusted gross incomes (MAGIs) get a partial deduction between the phaseout ranges. The phaseout thresholds for single filers in 2022 are $85,000 and $170,000, respectively.
Form 1098-E, provided by your loan servicer, must be completed and submitted with your tax return if you want to deduct interest paid on student loans. Your loan statement at the end of the year will include detail of the interest you’ve spent on your student loans.